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Housing development in Hanoi in the 2021-2030 period Towards a sustainable goal

Ngày đăng: 09/02/2023 15:34

Uneven development

Information about the results of the housing development program in Hanoi for the period 2012-2020 and orientation to 2030, the Hanoi Department of Construction said that by the end of 2020, the city has developed 49.67 million new square meter of residential floor, bringing the total residential floor area across the city to about 224.73 million square meters; the average area reached 27.25m2/person, exceeding the program's target (about 26.3m2/person). Accordingly, the city basically meets the demand for housing and contributes to improving accommodation and improving the living quality of the people of the capital.

However, the housing development in Hanoi is not uniform across segments. The floor area of social housing, housing for workers, students, and housing for resettlement has been completed at a low rate compared to the total floor area of completed housing. In which, social housing for low-income people, policy beneficiaries is short of about 3.4 million square meters; housing for workers is about 567 thousand square meters short; Resettlement housing is short of about 828 thousand square meters... compared to the target. Only commercial housing exceeded the target, but not evenly in terms of location.

According to Vice Chairman of the Vietnam Urban Planning and Development Association Dao Ngoc Nghiem, over the past time, commercial apartments have been developed concentratedly in the inner city districts, causing the population to increase rapidly, which has put pressure on technical infrastructure, social infrastructure, causing traffic jams... In contrast, in areas outside the city center, many low-rise housing projects have been formed that do not attract people to move from the central area to the outside. , not to mention many abandoned and unused projects causing waste of land fund. Explaining the reason, a representative of the Hanoi Department of Construction said that, besides the obstacles and inadequacies of the legal regulations on housing development (Housing Law, Investment Law), transport infrastructure has not been invested yet. investment is ahead of the development of housing projects, making projects in non-CBD areas less attractive. In addition, the current incentive mechanisms and policies have not yet attracted investors to participate in the development of social housing in suburban areas; There is a shortage of land fund for social housing development...

Social housing project CT-08 in Thanh Lam - Dai Thinh new urban area 2 (Me Linh district). Photo: Write Thanh

Diversified housing development

At the Housing Development Program in Hanoi for the period of 2021-2030, Hanoi city identified housing development as one of the important contents in socio-economic development, associated with development orientation. urban. Accordingly, Hanoi will promote the development of satellite towns and areas expected to be developed into districts; focus on diversifying housing types, focusing on social housing, apartment buildings, houses for rent, housing for workers in industrial zones to meet the housing needs of all classes of people with low income. different input.

Vice Chairman of Hanoi People's Committee Duong Duc Tuan affirmed that in the area of districts in the historic inner city area, the development of apartment buildings will be minimized (except for projects to renovate and rebuild old apartment buildings). , resettlement) to minimize population growth and infrastructure overload. The remaining areas limit the development of adjacent and low-rise houses and maximize the number of apartment buildings in order to effectively use the land fund. Urban areas and residential areas must be planned and invested in synchronously building technical and social infrastructure.

According to Standing Vice Chairman of Hanoi Real Estate Club Nguyen The Diep, at present, Hanoi is facing huge challenges in housing, especially the renovation of old apartments, the development of social housing as well as the development of social housing. As many housing development projects have been stuck for many years, they cannot be implemented. Hanoi's approval of the Housing Development Program for the period of 2021-2030 is of great significance, an opportunity and a great driving force for the capital's development in the next 5-10 years.

In order for the program to achieve its goals, Mr. Nguyen The Diep said that Hanoi needs to focus on solving 3 main problems. Firstly, promoting housing development projects that have been stuck for a long time. If the problem is, the city cannot "remove" it, it should be proposed to the superior, even necessary to introduce a specific mechanism. Second, it is necessary to set aside a land fund and a mechanism to promote the development of social housing. Third, speeding up the renovation and rebuilding of old apartment buildings; in which the city needs to have a plan to harmonize the interests of the three parties: the investor benefits - the people benefits - the city complies with the planning policy. In order to do this, drastic intervention of the authorities at all levels is required.

"Hanoi strives to by 2030 the average residential floor area of the whole city will reach 32m2 of floors/person; develop about 5.5 million square meters of social housing; 15.19 million square meters of commercial housing; 22.5 million square meters of individual housing floor The total planned land area for housing construction in the whole city is about 1,868 hectares Total demand for investment capital for housing construction is about VND 880,000 billion That requires budget capital of about 11,700 billion VND."


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